Paper is the 4th largest industrial source of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States.

Deforestation accounts for 25% of human caused C02 emissions.

When paper degrades in a landfill it releases methane, a greenhouse gas emission that is 23 times more potent than carbon dioxide.

Globally, over 40% of the industrial wood harvest is used to make paper.

Between 7 and 11% of the world's terrestrial biospheric carbon is stored in the Canadian Boreal Forest.

Pulp and paper account for 50% of Indonesia’s exports of forest products.

Over the course of its lifecycle, postconsumer recycled fiber requires 30-40% less energy than virgin fiber.

Between 7 and 11% of the world's terrestrial biospheric carbon is stored in the Canadian Boreal Forest.

Pulp and paper account for 50% of Indonesia's exports of forest products.

In 2010, it is expected that 25% of global pulp exports will be from South America.

The southeast U.S. is the largest paper producing region in the world. Already 15% of the forest (32 million acres) consists of single-species tree plantations.


Southeast US
Canadian Boreal
South America
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Learn more about the Boreal Conservation Framework

Endangered Forests - Canadian Boreal

Book and newspaper production is connected to impacts on one of the last intact forest ecosystems on Earth - the Canadian Boreal Forest. It is estimated that 2.5 million acres of the Boreal are logged each year and that 65% of the cut is specifically for paper products such as books, newsprint, magazines, catalogs, copy paper and tissue products. Eighty percent of this paper production is destined for U.S. markets.

46% of all newsprint consumed in the U.S. was once part of a Canadian forest, and most of this is derived from the Boreal. The 1.3 billion acres of the Canadian Boreal Forest span from Alaska to the Atlantic Ocean, and provide crucial habitat for bears, wolves, lynx and caribou. The Canadian Boreal also serves as the breeding ground for billions of birds each year. Additionally, the Canadian Boreal plays a vital role in mitigating the impacts of climate change—storing between 7 and 11% of the carbon in the Earth's biosphere.

People and Communities

About 1 million people live in more than 600 First Nations communities throughout the Canadian Boreal Forest. Many of these people rely on the forest for traditional uses such as hunting, trapping, and gathering plants for food and medicine.

Joe Fobister and his grandson in a homeland ravaged by clearcutting
Photo by Jennifer deGroot

Canadian Boreal Forest Agreement

The Canadian Boreal Forest Agreement was agreed reached in May of 2010 between 21 forest product companies and 9 environmental organizations and covers over 72 million hectares of the Canadian Boreal Forest. Under the agreement, 29 million hectares of critical caribou habitat will be off limits to logging and road building. The agreement commits to the development and implementation of world-leading forest management and harvesting practices for the remaining area. The rights of indigenous and first nation communities are also expressly recognized under the Canadian Boreal Forest Agreement.


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