Indonesia village

Paper is the 4th largest industrial source of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States.

Deforestation accounts for 25% of human caused C02 emissions.

When paper degrades in a landfill it releases methane, a greenhouse gas emission that is 23 times more potent than carbon dioxide.

Golbally, over 40% of the industrial wood harvest is used to make paper.

Between 7 and 11% of the world's terrestial biospheric carbon is stored in the Canadian Boreal Forest.

Pulp and paper account for 50% of Indonesia’s exports of forest products.

Over the course of its lifecycle, postconsumer recycled fiber requires 30-40% less energy than virgin fiber.

Between 7 and 11% of the world's terrestrial Biospheric carbon is stored in the Canadian Boreal Forest.

Pulp and paper account for 50% of Indonesia's exports of forest products.

In 2010, it is expected that 25% of global pulp exports will be from South America.

The southeast U.S. is the largest paper producing region in the world. Already 15% of the forest (32 million acres) consists of single-species tree plantations.


Southeast US
Canadian Boreal
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Impacts on People

From the pine and spruce forests of the Canadian Boreal, to the tropical rainforests of Indonesia, there are people who rely on forests to support a traditional means of sustenance, spiritual connection, and economic development. Forests are used for lumber and commerce, gathering food and medicine, and for hunting and trapping.

In Indonesia, entire villages have been forced from their land, often with armed police or military officials present. This occurs despite the fact the Indonesia constitution specifically acknowledges the rights of indigenous communities. Protests on the part of villagers have been repressed violently, and in some cases community leaders have been jailed. Often single species tree plantations are established in areas where the forest has been cleared. With their source of food and income destroyed, villagers often have little choice but to work for the plantations at exploitive wages.

Though thousands of miles away, the people of the Grassy Narrows First Nation are feeling similar pressures. The Grassy Narrows First Nation has treaties with the Canadian government allowing them rights to their traditional lands. Unfortunately these treaties have not been enforced and more than 50% of their traditional land area has been negatively transformed—impacting trap lines and the people who rely on them to for their livelihood.

The human impacts of the paper industry in the Canadian Boreal, Indonesia, and other locations are well documented. Please see the reports and articles below for more information.

Factsheet: Social Impacts of the Paper Industry A factsheet developed by the Environmental Paper Network highlighting the social impacts of the pulp and paper industry around the world.

Banks Pulp and People An In depth look at the pulp and paper industry, its social and environmental impacts around the world and the role banks play in financing and encouraging unsustainable practices.

Without Remedy: Human Rights Watch Report  A detailed report on the human rights abuses that have occurred in Indonesia as a result of corrupt practices in the country’s pulp and paper industry.

Indonesia Under Pressure A report developed by the Green Press Initiative illustrating the environmental and social impacts that occur in Indonesia as a result of printing books in, or sourcing newsprint from Asia.



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