Fire in the Amazon produces a lot of destruction.

Paper is the 4th largest industrial source of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States.

Deforestation accounts for 25% of human caused C02 emissions.

When paper degrades in a landfill it releases methane, a greenhouse gas emission that is 23 times more potent than carbon dioxide.

Globally, over 40% of the industrial wood harvest is used to make paper.

Between 7 and 11% of the world's terrestrial biospheric carbon is stored in the Canadian Boreal Forest.

Pulp and paper account for 50% of Indonesia’s exports of forest products.

Over the course of its lifecycle, postconsumer recycled fiber requires 30-40% less energy than virgin fiber.

Between 7 and 11% of the world's terrestrial biospheric carbon is stored in the Canadian Boreal Forest.

Pulp and paper account for 50% of Indonesia's exports of forest products.

In 2010, it is expected that 25% of global pulp exports will be from South America.

The southeast U.S. is the largest paper producing region in the world. Already 15% of the forest (32 million acres) consists of single-species tree plantations.


Southeast US
Canadian Boreal
South America
Support the Boreal Conservation Framework
FBoreal Songbird Initiative
Canadian Boreal Initiative

Endangered Forests - South America


Though South America consumes relatively little paper (In 2006 all of Latin America accounted for 6% of consumption) it is increasingly becoming a source of pulp for the rest of the world. It has been estimated that by 2010 14.6 million tons of pulp will be
produced annually in the region, and that pulp exports from South America will account
for 25% of global pulp exports. Much of this pulp production is supported by monoculture
tree farms which replace diverse forests, and often requires displacing entire communities.

In a region where wealth and land ownership are highly concentrated in the hands of a few, forcing entire communities from their land only serves to exacerbate social inequity. Low labor costs, a climate suitable for fast growing trees, tax breaks and other government subsidies makes South America particularly attractive to those seeking to establish plantations for pulp and other forests products. Countries that have been particularly hard hit by the expanding pulp industry include Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Uruguay.


Banks Pulp and People provides an In depth look at the pulp and paper industry, its social and environmental impacts around the world and the role banks play in financing and encouraging unsustainable practices.
Banks Pulp and People: Impacts in Brazil
Banks Pulp and People: Impacts in Uruguay

Forest Ethics Chile Forest Ethics site focused on the impacts of tree plantations in Chile



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